Pre-mating health checks
The health checks required before breeding from your animal will depend on what species they are and what you want to do with the offspring – you will need far more health checks if you are hoping to sell a litter of pedigree puppies, for example.
At the very least, any animal that you are hoping to breed from will need an appointment with your vet to check that the female is in good health, has no underlying issues which need addressing and that she is ready for pregnancy.
For cats and dogs, the breed of the animal may also affect the checks required before pregnancy. With cats there are a number of genetic disorders specific to particular breeds that can be tested for – Persian Progressive Retinal Atrophy in Persians, for example, or Congenital myasthenic syndrome (CMS) which causes muscle weakness in Devon Rex and Sphynx cats.
Certain breeds of dog may be more pre-disposed to health issues than others, so additional tests would be recommended. These tests for dogs may include:
- Hip scoring
- Elbow grading
- Eye testing
- DNA testing